The Patrol Divisions are specialized units located in the Birmingham and Bessemer areas. They have been developed, trained, and equipped to provide tactical and support services for police operations. The Patrol Division is an important part of the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office. Patrol deputies perform a variety of functions for the protection and service of the citizens of Jefferson County and are responsible for the enforcement of all state and federal laws involving criminal offenses. It also performs many service functions ranging from investigating traffic accidents to numerous types of public assist requests from citizens. Their overall mission is to keep neighborhoods and communities safe.

Patrol is decentralized in order to better respond quickly and effectively to all calls. In this regard, the divisions are divided primarily between Birmingham and Bessemer. Besides the main Headquarters Building in Birmingham and Headquarters in Bessemer, Patrol also maintains substations in Center Point, Forestdale, Cahaba Heights, McCalla, Mt. Olive, Oak Grove, and Sylvan Springs.